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What is the Difference Between Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering?


Many students in India desire to take up aeronautical and aerospace engineering but with a lack of proper knowledge they land up making a puzzling choice.

The field of Aerospace Engineering is a broader and advanced term compared to Aeronautical Engineering. Aerospace engineers develop new technologies for use in aviation, defense systems, and spacecraft.  Aerospace engineering focuses on designing both aircraft and spacecraft and it is a study of all the space crafts used within and out of the earth’s atmosphere while Aeronautical Engineering is the study of aircraft that operates within the earth’s atmosphere.

Aeronautical Engineering focuses on designing aircraft, helicopters, airplanes, and study of subjects such as Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, Aircraft Structures, Flight Mechanics, Aircraft Stability, and Control.

In Aerospace Engineering they will learn subjects like- Spacecraft Design, Introduction to Astronautics, Fundamentals of Jet Propulsion, Spacecraft Dynamics, Orbital Mechanics.

 What is better Aerospace or Aeronautical Engineering?

Either you take the aerospace or aeronautical engineering there are certain subjects common for both the degrees such as dynamics, propulsion, and fluid mechanics, etc.  However, aerospace engineering is the superset and aeronautical engineering is a subdivision of it.  Whichever branch you choose depends on your career path. If you are interested in a career in the space industry, it is better to choose a course in Aerospace Engineering. If you are interested in work in the commercial aircraft industry, it is better to choose Aeronautical Engineering

If You Are Looking for an Advance Option and Global Exposure

Aerospace Engineering is an advanced subject, requires high expertise, and gives more exposure to a flourishing global career. If you pursue a course in aerospace engineering it will enhance your knowledge about both aeronautics and astronautics, you will not only learn about aircraft but also about spacecraft. Moreover, India too is rapidly becoming involved in space research. There is no dearth of opportunities as it is a skill-based field. The one who possesses the dexterity to survive will be paid well.

Scope in India – In India the major set of the employer is from Public Sector namely, HAL, ISRO, ADA, ADE, DRDO, and NAL. There are private companies like Tata Advanced Systems, Taneja Aerospace, Mahindra Aerospace, L&T, Design offices of multinationals like General Electric, Boeing, Airbus, etc. have emerged out providing significant growth and opportunities to the engineers.

Scope abroad – There are immense opportunities for aerospace engineers in countries like the United States of America, France, the UK, and Germany. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA which is a US Federal Government agency responsible for the aerospace and aeronautical research has a good number of engineers of Indian origin working with them.

Cost of Study - Aerospace Engineering is offered by very few Universities in India. The cost of the course depends on the chosen university but the overall approximated cost of the course is 7.5 Lakhs. B Tech in aerospace engineering is a 4 years course and is worthy of the time and money.

Salary Offered,

India – The salary offered in this field completely depends on the experience. The average salary for an Aerospace Engineer is Rs. 6, 20,972 per year. However, the salary also depends on the level of academic qualification and experience.

Abroad – Aerospace Engineers working in abroad are offered an average salary of $107,700 per year.

Whatever the choice your main focus should be in choosing the best institute that provides these courses. Bangalore the most technologically advanced city of India the best B.Tech Program in Aerospace Engineering is offered by IIAEM, Jain (Deemed-to-be University). The course is designed in such a way that it meets the current requirements of Aerospace organizations. It is carefully formulated by adopting the curricula that provide comprehensive learning and a wide range of services to support a dynamic learning approach for the studs to become future-ready.

Some other Universities Offering B. Tech program in Aerospace Engineering are- Indian Institute of Space Science & Technology, Kerala, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun.